The Artist as A Conscious Political Being

Iggy Rodriguez is a political activist and an artist both. For him,  his work as an artist is enriched and given meaning by his activism, and his work as an activist is also improved by the discipline he has cultivated as an artist.
Currently the coordinator for the Makabayan coalition of political parties and its chapter in the National Capital Region (NCR), Rodriquez is also a core group member of the  Tutok Karapatan Artists’ Initiatives and the well-know group that makes the impressive effigies thatare burned during important political protests the  UGAT Lahi Artist Collective. His work in these organizations are considerable, but he manages to juggle his workload through discipline.

Discipline is a crucial thing with Rodriguez.  Born Raoul Ignacio Mallillin Rodriguez in Zamboanga, the 37-year old artist  was not “born” with the innate ability to draw or paint.
“It was something I willed myself to do,” he explains.

In grade school, he watched classmates and friends draw images in their notebooks, and while he himself was not inclined to draw himself at the time, he liked the idea.
“I liked the idea of creating images, of copying ones that I liked. I found it interesting. I didn’t do it myself, but I liked seeing the work of others,” he says.
His elder brother often brought home comic books (“Marvel Comics, Heavy Metal, that sort of thing”) and he was amazed at what he saw.
“It was like seeing the world interpreted in a different way. The way the characters were drawn, the scenery, the entire conceptualization and consequent rendering. Before then I didn’t know that there was such a way to depict the world,” he shares.
The beginning of his journey as an artist officially began, however, when he was forced to stay in the library one afternoon in high school. Rodriguez can’t recall the exact circumstances that led to his afternoon detention in the library (“Maybe it was raining, I don’t remember), but he will never forget the artist that first inspired him to try to be one himself.  He found a  book on Pablo Picasso and his work during his so-named Blue Period.
Picasso’s Blue Period refers to the time between 1901 and 1904, when the Italian artist  created essentially monochromatic paintings using the colors  blue and blue-green.  He made his paintings at a time in his life when he was depressed over the death of a friend and retreated from society. The paintings themselves evoke feelings of sadness, loneliness and a lack of hope.
“I was affected by the images themselves and how they were rendered. I was only a high school student, but I’d already heard of Picasso even then. That afternoon was the first time I’d really looked — I mean looked– at his work and I told myself that I would work hard to be a painter, an artist myself,” he says.
Rodriquez has no qualms about admitting that he only learned to draw and paint in college at the University of Sto. Tomas where he took a course in fine arts and advertising.  He says that whatever talent he has, he cultivated and honed it by studying and constant practice. He literally taught himself to draw, pushing and goading himself until wielding a pen or a paintbrush became second nature to him.
“Many artists are said to be innately talented and that they are able to create merely from sheer inspiration, goaded by a muse of their own making. I didn’t start off like that, am up to now I cannot say that I need to be inspired to create. My own process of creating art always starts with me confronting myself with the necessity to create: tired or not, inspired or not, I need to be always practicing my craft and I want to be always learning ways to improve it,” he says. His right index finger has a rough callus, a testament to his daily routine of drawing at least one hour a day and more on days when his schedule permits.
Rodriguez somewhat shatters the stereotype of artists who are often lost in their own worlds and apathetic to what the world at large thinks or says about their work. He carries defined political stands and is always willing and prepared to discuss and even debate about what art means and the role of artists in the general scheme of things.
“I suppose my approach to art is always practical. I want everything I create to say something, to mean something, and my own views about society and what happens in it are reflected in my drawings and paintings.  Some of my work carry obvious message about the struggle against poverty and exploitation; others are more subtle and less overt.  In either case, I stand behind my work and if asked, I am willing to explain what they mean. Of course this doesn’t mean that the people I look at my work have it wrong when they see something different in it;  all I mean is that as the creator of the piece — be it a drawing, a painting, an installation piece or sculpture — I had real reasons for putting it together the way I did,” he explains.
Artists in the Social Movement for Change
Rodriguez says that it his involvement in social and political movements for genuine change that keeps him and his work grounded. He is empathic in saying that for him, art should “advocate and educate.” He takes part in rallies, attends symposia, and helps organize urban poor communities. One of his dreams is the creation of an arts center for patriotic and liberative culture and arts complete with galleries, a studio, theater and an editing room for videos and music.
“The artist cannot remove himself from society or divorce himself from what’s happening around him. Given this, it’s important that he should also take part in whatever efforts are being done to fight against all that’s unjust and inhumane. Otherwise his art would be empty statements, decorative objects devoid of meaning. Then again, it also speaks about what kind of values the artist has and what he believes in; if he carries no clear-cut convictions, then his art would reflect that,” he says, then hastens to add, ” but then again each person and each artist is different.”
Rodriguez shares that among the issues he most likes tackling in his art are human rights and the social ills that erupt as a result of the lack of respect for it.
“There’s homelessness, unemployment, extreme poverty, exploitation and war. These are universal themes that are sadly not addressed enough by mainstream artists in their work,” he says. As an aside, he adds that social alternatives are also important — they should be discussed in art as a counterpoint to the social horrors.
Rodriguez also carries a very practical approach when it comes to his work as an artist. This, he says, is also something he learned as an activist. Before he begins his work, he sits down and plans the process. He considers all the factors involved in the undertaking, from the gallery venue, how he will transport his work, if he will have help putting up the paintings. Then he begins to put together and smoothen out his ideas, contrasting and comparing them against each other and determining which are sound and which are weak.
“It’s easier to create when I’m already fully-confident in the ideas or messages I want to convey. Every line, every brush stroke has to count because mistakes can alter the entire piece. When I do make mistakes though, I have learned how to make them look deliberate or intended,” he smiles.

It’s also surprising to learn that Rodriguez also learned to depict images directly from his brain, from his own imaginative store  of images or interpretations of them. While most artists learn to make their renderings more life-like or exact by using representations (or using models), Rodriquez began rendering images without using photographs or looking at photographs as he painted or drew.

“I was like that in my first few years of painting and drawing. I simply sat and began creating my ideas of what an object looked like, or putting together the images I saw in my head if they were realistic,” he says. Eventually, however, he felt that something was lost or absent in his work because he sometimes missed details he felt he should have added.

“Say shadows, for instance; or how light falls. Or the folds of cloth or a sleeve as it is worn part of a shirt or blouse. I felt that some of the drama is lost from a piece when  I am unable to render details more exactly. When I feel this about a piece I am doing, I use representations,” he says.

Mainstream Work Features His Politics

Every year, his collective work with Ugat Lahi being get burnt to ashes in Mendiola fronting the presidential palace or in Batasan Avenue during the annual State of the Nation protests, but Rodriquez on his own has already built a comprehensive body of work.  Already known in activist art circles, he is not new either to the mainstream local art scene, and he has even exhibited abroad.

He has had exhibitions in the up-market galleries ion Makati, Pasig and Quezon City, but his work has also been featured in the Cultural center of the Philippines (CCP), Singapore, China, Singapore and Cambodia. He has also won  recognition from various art institutions. In  2009 he was among the  CCP’s 13 Artists awardees. In 2003, he was among the awardees of  the Art Association of the Philippines (AAP) Annual Competition, and won the grand prize in the 2001 competition of the same association.

His last solo exhibition was  the series he titled ” Genuflect”   at the Kanto Artist Run Space at The Collective in Makati this May. It  consists of five pen and ink works on paper, one cut-out, and one installation-sculpture piece.  In this series, he displays his remarkable mastery of using the pen and ink as a medium.
Rodriguez says “Genuflect” expresses his views on how power corrupts and how the greed for it distorts humanity. There are different kinds of power, he says, such as the power of religion and its institutions; the power of nations, governments and their armies; and the power of wealthy corporations. The rapaciousness of corporations, the military violence of governments, and the close-minded righteousness of certain religious institutions and its leaders all constitute power that serve no one but those who wield it, while the effects on everyone else in society are brutal, maiming, destructive.
Rodriguez’ stands as political being cannot be dismissed in how he depicted the institutions he believes to be against humanity and the greater good. Even how the frames of his drawings were hung on the gallery wall revealed a criticism against the power of religion and how it imposes on believers: they are hung the way images of the Stations of the Cross are traditionally displayed in Catholic churches. One is forced to look up, and the paintings are looking down, seemingly forcing themselves on the viewer.
In the meantime, critics have not ignored Rodriguez’ gift when it comes to working with pen and ink.  In her review of the exhibition, social critic and writer Katrina Stuart-Santiago opines that  “Genuflect” reveals  not only  Rodriguez’s critical perspective and intellectual stance on religiosity and faith, but also how he pays great attention to detail.
“What resonates is the discipline, the control, the knowing when to stop and how. After all, between the installation and the pen and ink works, a lesser artist would’ve and could’ve gone crazy. But in Rodriguez’s hands there is a sense of taking an image and running as far away with it as possible, and taking it back to where it started to make sure it’s saying what it must. Here one finds that Rodriguez is able to push the spectator into acknowledging those limitations, seeing the control, and finding that anger and discontent can be in the thinnest of lines drawn, its magnitude measurable by the painful patience that must have gone into such detailed work,” she writes.
Currently,  Rodriguez is working on two paintings for the House of Matahati, an independent art space  in Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He shares that his work will dwell on the issues of poverty and want. He is also preparing for his tasks as a coordinator for Makabayan Coalition and its bid to send Bayan Muna Rep. Teddy Casino to the senate.

In the next five years, Rodriguez says that he will still be doing what he’s doing now.

“Five years ago I said that I would still be doing what I am doing now — art projects, rallies, organizing work for the organizations I belong to, drawing and painting. There’s no reason for me to think or say that I would be doing anything much different five years from now, but I do hope that I would be much, much better at all those things,” he concludes.

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